Memorise the Quran Ayah by Ayah: Surah Al-Falaq Ayah No. 3

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

“And from the evil of the darkening (night) as it comes with its darkness; (or the moon as it sets or goes away).” [Surah Al-Falaq (113) : 3]

Word to word translation


Recitation

Abdullah Basfar (Mujawwad) (Download):

Mahmoud Khalil Husary (rahimahullah) (Download):

Ali Hudhaifi (Download):

Listen to the translation (Download):

Tafsir (commentary)

Tafsir As-Saadi (from here):

Next, Allah lists specific cases subsumed by the general import of the previous verse: “from the evil of darkness as it gathers,” i.e. from the evil of what happens at night when darkness envelops man, when many evil souls and harmful creatures disperse therein.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir (from here):

(And from the evil of the Ghasiq when Waqab,) Mujahid said, “Ghasiq is the night, and `when it Waqab’ refers to the setting of the sun.” Al-Bukhari mentioned this from him. Ibn Abi Najih also reported a similar narration from him (Mujahid).

 The same was said by Ibn `Abbas, Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi, Ad-Dahhak, Khusayf, Al-Hasan and Qatadah. They said, “Verily, it is the night when it advances with its darkness.” Az-Zuhri said,

﴿وَمِن شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ ﴾

(And from the evil of the Ghasiq when Waqab,) “This means the sun when it sets.” Abu Al-Muhazzim reported that Abu Hurayrah said,

﴿وَمِن شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ ﴾

(And from the evil of the Ghasiq when Waqab, ) “This means the star.” Ibn Zayd said, “The Arabs used to say, `Al-Ghasiq is the declination (of the position) of the heavenly body known as Pleiades. The number of those who were ill and stricken with plague would increase whenever it would decline, and their number would lessen whenever it rose.”’

Ibn Jarir said, “Others have said that it is the moon.”

The support for the people who hold this position (that it means the moon) is a narration that Imam Ahmad recorded from Al-Harith bin Abi Salamah. He said that `A’ishah said, “The Messenger of Allah took me by my hand and showed me the moon when it rose, and he said,

«تَعَوَّذِي بِاللهِ مِنْ شَرِّ هَذَا الْغَاسِقِ إِذَا وَقَبَ»

(Seek refuge with Allah from the evil of this Ghasiq when it becomes dark.)” At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i both recorded this Hadith in their Books of Tafsir in their Sunans.

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