Memorise the Quran Ayah by Ayah: Surah Al-Falaq Ayah No. 5

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

“And from the evil of the envier when he envies.” [Surah Al-Falaq (113) : 5]

Word to word translation

Recitation

Abdullah Basfar (Mujawwad) (Download):

Mahmoud Khalil Husary (rahimahullah) (Download):

Ali Hudhaifi (Download):

Listen to the translation (Download):

Tafsir (commentary)

Tafsir As-Saadi (from here):

From the evil of the envious when he envies,” the envier is one who wishes to see the removal of the blessings he sees in the envied, and does his utmost to have them removed. Man is therefore in need of seeking refuge from his evil and in order to render his plots vain. Included in the category of the envier is someone who afflicts others with the evil-eye because this only ever emanates from one who is envious and has an evil nature.

This chapter covers seeking refuge from all types of evil: general and specific. It also proves that magic is something real, its harm should be feared, and that one should take refuge with Allah from it and from those who practice it.[4]

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4. Bukhari records from Aishah (radiallahu anha) that,

“The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was affected by magic such that he thought he had done things he had not done. This continued until one day, while in my presence, he supplicated and supplicated and then said, ‘`A’ishah! Do you know that Allah has instructed me concerning the matter I asked Him?’ I asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, what?’ He replied, ‘Two men came to me, one of the sat near my head and the other near my feet. One of them asked the other, “What has harmed this man?” The other replied, “He is under the effect of magic.” The first one asked, “Who was it that worked magic on him?” The other replied, “Labid ibn al-`Asam, a Jew from the tribe of Banu Zurayq.” The first one asked, “With what has it been done?” The other replied, “With a comb and the hair stuck to it, and a skin of the pollen of a male date-palm tree.” The first one asked, “Where is it?” The other replied, “In the well of Dharwan.”’ Then the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) went to the well with some of his companions and looked at it, surrounding the well there were date-palm trees. Then he returned to me and said, ‘By Allah! The water of that well was [red] as if infused with henna leaves, and its date palms were like the heads of devils.’ I asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, did you remove those materials?’ He replied, ‘No, as for me then Allah has cured me and I feared [that by letting the people know of it] I would spread its evil amongst them.’ Then he ordered that the well be filled up with earth and that was done.”

Bukhari records from `A’ishah (radiallahu anha) that,

“The Messenger of Allah was affected by magic such that he thought that he had had sexual relations with his wives when in fact he had not. (Sufyan [ibn `Uyaynah] said: this is the hardest kind of magic due to it having such an effect). Then [one day] he said, ‘`A’ishah! Do you know that Allah has instructed me concerning that which I asked Him? Two men came to me, one of the sat near my head and the other near my feet. One of them asked the other, “What is wrong with this man?” The other replied, “He is under the effect of magic.” The first one asked, “Who was it that worked magic on him?” The other replied, “Labid ibn al-`Asam, a man from the tribe of Banu Zurayq – an ally of the Jews and a hypocrite.” The first one asked, “With what has it been done?” The other replied, “With a comb and the hair stuck to it.” The first one asked, “Where is it?” The other replied, “In a skin pollen of a male date-palm tree kept under a stone in the well of Dharwan.”’ So the Prophet (SAW) went to that well and took out those things and said, ‘This is the well that I was shown. Its water was [red] as if infused with henna leaves and its date-palm trees looked like heads of devils.’ The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) further said, ‘Those things were taken out.’ I asked, ‘Why do you not get treated [or bring it back with you]?’ He replied, ‘Allah has cured me and I dislike spreading its evil amongst the people.’”

Tafsir Ibn Kathir (from here):

Discussion of the Bewitchment of the Prophet

In the Book of Medicine of his Sahih, Al-Bukhari recorded that `A’ishah said, “The Messenger of Allah was bewitched until he thought that he had relations with his wives, but he had not had relations with them.” Sufyan said, “This is the worst form of magic when it reaches this stage.” So the Prophet said,

«يَا عَائِشَةُ، أَعَلِمْتِ أَنَّ اللهَ قَدْ أَفْتَانِي فِيمَا اسْتَفْتَيْتُهُ فِيهِ؟ أَتَانِي رَجُلَانِ فَقَعَدَ أَحَدُهُمَا عِنْدَ رَأْسِي وَالْاخَرُ عِنْدَ رِجْلَيَّ، فَقَال الَّذِي عِنْدَ رَأْسِي لِلْاخَرِ: مَا بَالُ الرَّجُلِ؟ قَالَ: مَطْبُوبٌ، قَالَ: وَمَنْ طَبَّهُ، قَالَ: لَبِيدُ بْنُ أَعْصَمَ: رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي زُرَيْقٍ حَلِيفٌ لِيَهُودَ، كَانَ مُنَافِقًا، قَالَ: وَفِيمَ؟ قَالَ: فِي مُشْطٍ وَمُشَاطَةٍ، قَالَ: وَأَيْنَ؟ قَالَ: فِي جُفِّ طَلْعَةٍ ذَكَرٍ، تَحْتَ رَاعُوفَةٍ فِي بِئْرِ ذَرْوَانَ»

(O `A’ishah! Do you know that Allah has answered me concerning that which I asked Him Two men came to me and one of them sat by my head while the other sat by my feet. The one who was sitting by my head said to the other one, `What is wrong with this man’ The other replied, `He is bewitched.’ The first one said, `Who bewitched him’ The other replied, `Labid bin A`sam. He is a man from the tribe of Banu Zurayq who is an ally of the Jews, and a hypocrite.’ The first one asked, `With what (did he bewitch him)’ The other replied, `With a comb and hair from the comb.’ The first one asked, `Where (is the comb)’ The other answered, `In the dried bark of a male date palm under a rock in a well called Dharwan.’) `A’ishah said, “So he went to the well to remove it (the comb with the hair). Then he said,

«هَذِهِ الْبِئْرُ الَّتِي أُرِيتُهَا، وَكَأَنَّ مَاءَهَا نُقَاعَةُ الحِنَّاءِ،وَكَأَنَّ نَخْلَهَا رُؤُوسُ الشَّيَاطِين»

(This is the well that I saw. It was as if its water had henna soaked in it and its palm trees were like the heads of devils.) So he removed it (of the well). Then I (`A’ishah) said, `Will you not make this public’ He replied,

«أَمَّا اللهُ فَقَدْ شَفَانِي، وَأَكْرَهُ أَنْ أُثِيرَ عَلَى أَحَدٍ مِنَ النَّاسِ شَرًّا»

(Allah has cured me and I hate to spread (the news of) wickedness to any of the people.)”

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