Memorise the Quran Ayah by Ayah: Surah An-Naas Ayah No. 1

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

“Say: “I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind.” [Surah An-Naas (114) : 1]

Word to word translation


[Rabb is usually translated as “Lord.”]

Recitation

Abdullah Basfar (Mujawwad) (Download):

Mahmoud Khalil Husary (rahimahullah) (Download):

Ali Hudhaifi (Download):

Listen to the translation (Download):

Tafsir (commentary)

Tafsir As-Saadi (from here):

[This is the tafsir of the whole surah.]

Say: I take refuge with the Lord of mankind, the King of mankind, the God of mankind,this chapter deals with seeking refuge with the Lord and King of mankind, the God of mankind, from Shaytan who is the source of all evil.

From the evil of the stealthy Whisperer, beating a retreat, who whispers in people’s breasts, some of the multifarious facets of his evil are that he whispers into the hearts of man, adorns evil, presenting it to them in an alluring guise, and incites them towards performing it. He is always whispering but beats a retreat when the servant remembers Allah, seeking His assistance in repressing him. Therefore, it is incumbent upon a person to turn to Allah for aid, to take refuge with Him, and to seek recourse with His Lordship. All of mankind fall under the realm of His Lordship, rububiyyah, and sovereignty; He has taken hold of every creature by the forelock.

Man must also take recourse with His Divinity, uluhiyyah, for it was for His worship that he was created. This worship, however, cannot be perfected until and unless he represses the evil of his enemy who desires to cut him off from his goal, obstructing him from it, and who wants him to follow him, thereby becoming a denizen of the Scorching Blaze.

Whispering could occur from jinn or from man and this why Allah says, “(coming) from the jinn and man.


Tafsir Ibn Kathir (from here):

[This tafsir is for this ayah and the 3 after it.]

(1. Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of An-Nas,”) (2. “The King of An-Nas,”) (3. “The God of An-Nas,”) (4. “From the evil of the whisperer who withdraws.”) (5. “Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nas.”) (6. “Of Jinn and An-Nas.”) These are three attributes from the attributes of the Lord, the Mighty and Majestic. They are lordship, sovereignty and divinity. Thus, He is the Lord of everything, the King of everything and the God of everything. All things are created by Him, owned by Him, and subservient to Him. Therefore, He commands whoever is seeking protection to seek refuge with the One Who has these attributes from the evil of the whisperer who withdraws. This (the whisperer) is the devil that is assigned to man. For verily, there is not any of the Children of Adam except that he has a companion that beautifies wicked deeds for him. This devil will go to any lengths to confuse and confound him. The only person who is safe is He Whom Allah protects.

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