Memorise the Quran Ayah by Ayah: Surah An-Naas Ayah No. 6

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

“Of jinns and men.” [Surah An-Naas (114) : 6]

Word to word translation


Recitation

Abdullah Basfar (Mujawwad) (Download):

Mahmoud Khalil Husary (rahimahullah) (Download):

Ali Hudhaifi (Download):

Listen to the translation (Download):

Tafsir (commentary)

Tafsir As-Saadi (from here):

[This is the tafsir of the whole surah.]

Say: I take refuge with the Lord of mankind, the King of mankind, the God of mankind,this chapter deals with seeking refuge with the Lord and King of mankind, the God of mankind, from Shaytan who is the source of all evil.

From the evil of the stealthy Whisperer, beating a retreat, who whispers in people’s breasts, some of the multifarious facets of his evil are that he whispers into the hearts of man, adorns evil, presenting it to them in an alluring guise, and incites them towards performing it. He is always whispering but beats a retreat when the servant remembers Allah, seeking His assistance in repressing him. Therefore, it is incumbent upon a person to turn to Allah for aid, to take refuge with Him, and to seek recourse with His Lordship. All of mankind fall under the realm of His Lordship, rububiyyah, and sovereignty; He has taken hold of every creature by the forelock.

Man must also take recourse with His Divinity, uluhiyyah, for it was for His worship that he was created. This worship, however, cannot be perfected until and unless he represses the evil of his enemy who desires to cut him off from his goal, obstructing him from it, and who wants him to follow him, thereby becoming a denizen of the Scorching Blaze.

Whispering could occur from jinn or from man and this why Allah says, “(coming) from the jinn and man.


Tafsir Ibn Kathir (from here):

Then Allah says,

﴿مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ ﴾

(Of Jinn and An-Nas.) Is this explanatory of Allah’s statement,

﴿الَّذِى يُوَسْوِسُ فِى صُدُورِ النَّاسِ ﴾

(Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nas.) Then, Allah explains this by saying,

﴿مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ ﴾

(Of Jinn and An-Nas.) This is supportive of the second view. It has also been said that Allah’s saying,

﴿مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ ﴾

(Of Jinn and An-Nas) is an explanation of who is it that whispers into the breasts of mankind from the devils of mankind and Jinns. This is similar to Allah’s saying,

﴿وَكَذَلِكَ جَعَلْنَا لِكُلِّ نِبِىٍّ عَدُوّاً شَيَـطِينَ الإِنْسِ وَالْجِنِّ يُوحِى بَعْضُهُمْ إِلَى بَعْضٍ زُخْرُفَ الْقَوْلِ غُرُوراً﴾

(And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies — Shayatin among mankind and Jinn, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion.) (6:112) Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, “A man came to the Prophet and said, `O Messenger of Allah! Sometimes I say things to myself that I would rather fall from the sky than say (aloud openly). ‘ The Prophet said,

«اللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اللهُ أَكْبَرٌ الْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي رَدَّ كَيْدَهُ إِلَى الْوَسْوَسَةِ»

(Allah is Most Great! Allah is Most Great! All praise is due to Allah Who sent his (Shaytan’s) plot back as only a whisper.)” Abu Dawud and An-Nasa’i also recorded this Hadith.

Memorise the Quran Ayah by Ayah: Surah An-Naas Ayah No. 5

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

“Who whispers in the breasts of mankind.”[Surah An-Naas (114) : 5]

Word to word translation


Recitation

Abdullah Basfar (Mujawwad) (Download):

Mahmoud Khalil Husary (rahimahullah) (Download):

Ali Hudhaifi (Download):

Listen to the translation (Download):

Tafsir (commentary)

Tafsir As-Saadi (from here):

[This is the tafsir of the whole surah.]

Say: I take refuge with the Lord of mankind, the King of mankind, the God of mankind,this chapter deals with seeking refuge with the Lord and King of mankind, the God of mankind, from Shaytan who is the source of all evil.

From the evil of the stealthy Whisperer, beating a retreat, who whispers in people’s breasts, some of the multifarious facets of his evil are that he whispers into the hearts of man, adorns evil, presenting it to them in an alluring guise, and incites them towards performing it. He is always whispering but beats a retreat when the servant remembers Allah, seeking His assistance in repressing him. Therefore, it is incumbent upon a person to turn to Allah for aid, to take refuge with Him, and to seek recourse with His Lordship. All of mankind fall under the realm of His Lordship, rububiyyah, and sovereignty; He has taken hold of every creature by the forelock.

Man must also take recourse with His Divinity, uluhiyyah, for it was for His worship that he was created. This worship, however, cannot be perfected until and unless he represses the evil of his enemy who desires to cut him off from his goal, obstructing him from it, and who wants him to follow him, thereby becoming a denizen of the Scorching Blaze.

Whispering could occur from jinn or from man and this why Allah says, “(coming) from the jinn and man.


Tafsir Ibn Kathir (from here):

As for Allah’s saying;

﴿الَّذِى يُوَسْوِسُ فِى صُدُورِ النَّاسِ ﴾

(Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nas.) Is this specific for the Children of Adam as is apparent, or is it general, including both mankind and Jinns

There are two views concerning this. This is because they (the Jinns) are also included in the usage of the word An-Nas (the people) in most cases.

Ibn Jarir said, “The phrase Rijalun min Al-Jinn (Men from the Jinns) has been used in reference to them, so it is not strange for the word An-Nas to be applied to them also.”

Memorise the Quran Ayah by Ayah: Surah An-Naas Ayah No. 4

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

“From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one’s heart after one remembers Allah).” [Surah An-Naas (114) : 4]

Word to word translation


Recitation

Abdullah Basfar (Mujawwad) (Download):

Mahmoud Khalil Husary (rahimahullah) (Download):

Ali Hudhaifi (Download):

Listen to the translation (Download):

Tafsir (commentary)

Tafsir As-Saadi (from here):

[This is the tafsir of the whole surah.]

Say: I take refuge with the Lord of mankind, the King of mankind, the God of mankind,this chapter deals with seeking refuge with the Lord and King of mankind, the God of mankind, from Shaytan who is the source of all evil.

From the evil of the stealthy Whisperer, beating a retreat, who whispers in people’s breasts, some of the multifarious facets of his evil are that he whispers into the hearts of man, adorns evil, presenting it to them in an alluring guise, and incites them towards performing it. He is always whispering but beats a retreat when the servant remembers Allah, seeking His assistance in repressing him. Therefore, it is incumbent upon a person to turn to Allah for aid, to take refuge with Him, and to seek recourse with His Lordship. All of mankind fall under the realm of His Lordship, rububiyyah, and sovereignty; He has taken hold of every creature by the forelock.

Man must also take recourse with His Divinity, uluhiyyah, for it was for His worship that he was created. This worship, however, cannot be perfected until and unless he represses the evil of his enemy who desires to cut him off from his goal, obstructing him from it, and who wants him to follow him, thereby becoming a denizen of the Scorching Blaze.

Whispering could occur from jinn or from man and this why Allah says, “(coming) from the jinn and man.


Tafsir Ibn Kathir (from here):

Therefore, He commands whoever is seeking protection to seek refuge with the One Who has these attributes from the evil of the whisperer who withdraws. This (the whisperer) is the devil that is assigned to man. For verily, there is not any of the Children of Adam except that he has a companion that beautifies wicked deeds for him. This devil will go to any lengths to confuse and confound him. The only person who is safe is He Whom Allah protects.It is confirmed in the Sahih that he (the Prophet ) said,

«مَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلَّا قَدْ وُكِّلَ بِهِ قَرِينُهُ»

(There is not a single one of you except that his companion (a devil) has been assigned to him.) They (the Companions) said, “What about you, O Messenger of Allah” He replied,

«نَعَمْ، إِلَّا أَنَّ اللهَ أَعَانَنِي عَلَيْهِ فَأَسْلَمَ، فَلَا يَأْمُرُنِي إِلَّا بِخَيْرٍ»

(Yes. However, Allah has helped me against him and he has accepted Islam. Thus, he only commands me to do good.) It is also confirmed in the Two Sahihs from Anas, who reported the story of Safiyyah when she came to visit the Prophet while he was performing I`tikaf, that he went out with her during the night to walk her back to her house. So, two men from the Ansar met him (on the way). When they saw the Prophet , they began walking swiftly. So, the Messenger of Allah said,

«عَلَى رِسْلِكُمَا، إِنَّهَا صَفِيَّةُ بِنْتُ حُيَيَ»

(Slow down! This is Safiyyah bint Huyay!) They said, “Glory be to Allah, O Messenger of Allah!” He said,

«إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ يَجْرِي مِنِ ابْنِ آدَمَ مَجْرَى الدَّم، وَإِنِّي خَشِيتُ أَنْ يَقْذِفَ فِي قُلُوبِكُمَا شَيْئًا، أَوْ قَالَ: شَرًّا»

 (Verily, Shaytan runs in the Son of Adam like the running of the blood. And verily, I feared that he might cast something into your hearts — or he said — evil.) Sa`id bin Jubayr reported that Ibn `Abbas said concerning Allah’s statement,

﴿الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ﴾

 (The whisperer (Al-Waswas) who withdraws.) “The devil who is squatting (perched) upon the heart of the Son of Adam. So when he becomes absentminded and heedless he whispers. Then, when he remembers Allah he withdraws.” Mujahid and Qatadah also said this.

Al-Mu`tamir bin Sulayman reported that his father said, “It has been mentioned to me that Shaytan is Al-Waswas. He blows into the heart of the Son of Adam when he is sad and when he is happy. But when he (man) remembers Allah, Shaytan withdraws.” Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn `Abbas;

﴿الْوَسْوَاسِ﴾

(The whisperer.) “He is Shaytan. He whispers and then when he is obeyed, he withdraws.”

Memorise the Quran Ayah by Ayah: Surah An-Naas Ayah No. 3

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

“The Ilah (God) of mankind.” [Surah An-Naas (114) : 3]

Word to word translation


Recitation

Abdullah Basfar (Mujawwad) (Download):

Mahmoud Khalil Husary (rahimahullah) (Download):

Ali Hudhaifi (Download):

Listen to the translation (Download):

Tafsir (commentary)

Tafsir As-Saadi (from here):

[This is the tafsir of the whole surah.]

Say: I take refuge with the Lord of mankind, the King of mankind, the God of mankind,this chapter deals with seeking refuge with the Lord and King of mankind, the God of mankind, from Shaytan who is the source of all evil.

From the evil of the stealthy Whisperer, beating a retreat, who whispers in people’s breasts, some of the multifarious facets of his evil are that he whispers into the hearts of man, adorns evil, presenting it to them in an alluring guise, and incites them towards performing it. He is always whispering but beats a retreat when the servant remembers Allah, seeking His assistance in repressing him. Therefore, it is incumbent upon a person to turn to Allah for aid, to take refuge with Him, and to seek recourse with His Lordship. All of mankind fall under the realm of His Lordship, rububiyyah, and sovereignty; He has taken hold of every creature by the forelock.

Man must also take recourse with His Divinity, uluhiyyah, for it was for His worship that he was created. This worship, however, cannot be perfected until and unless he represses the evil of his enemy who desires to cut him off from his goal, obstructing him from it, and who wants him to follow him, thereby becoming a denizen of the Scorching Blaze.

Whispering could occur from jinn or from man and this why Allah says, “(coming) from the jinn and man.


Tafsir Ibn Kathir (from here):

[This tafsir is for the first 4 ayaat (verses).]

(1. Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of An-Nas,”) (2. “The King of An-Nas,”) (3. “The God of An-Nas,”) (4. “From the evil of the whisperer who withdraws.”) (5. “Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nas.”) (6. “Of Jinn and An-Nas.”) These are three attributes from the attributes of the Lord, the Mighty and Majestic. They are lordship, sovereignty and divinity. Thus, He is the Lord of everything, the King of everything and the God of everything. All things are created by Him, owned by Him, and subservient to Him. Therefore, He commands whoever is seeking protection to seek refuge with the One Who has these attributes from the evil of the whisperer who withdraws. This (the whisperer) is the devil that is assigned to man. For verily, there is not any of the Children of Adam except that he has a companion that beautifies wicked deeds for him. This devil will go to any lengths to confuse and confound him. The only person who is safe is He Whom Allah protects.

Memorise the Quran Ayah by Ayah: Surah An-Naas Ayah No. 2

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

“The King of mankind.” [Surah An-Naas (114) : 2]

Word to word translation


[A more appropriate translation of “Malik” would be King.]

Recitation

Abdullah Basfar (Mujawwad) (Download):

Mahmoud Khalil Husary (rahimahullah) (Download):

Ali Hudhaifi (Download):

Listen to the translation (Download):

Tafsir (commentary)

Tafsir As-Saadi (from here):

[This is the tafsir of the whole surah.]

Say: I take refuge with the Lord of mankind, the King of mankind, the God of mankind,this chapter deals with seeking refuge with the Lord and King of mankind, the God of mankind, from Shaytan who is the source of all evil.

From the evil of the stealthy Whisperer, beating a retreat, who whispers in people’s breasts, some of the multifarious facets of his evil are that he whispers into the hearts of man, adorns evil, presenting it to them in an alluring guise, and incites them towards performing it. He is always whispering but beats a retreat when the servant remembers Allah, seeking His assistance in repressing him. Therefore, it is incumbent upon a person to turn to Allah for aid, to take refuge with Him, and to seek recourse with His Lordship. All of mankind fall under the realm of His Lordship, rububiyyah, and sovereignty; He has taken hold of every creature by the forelock.

Man must also take recourse with His Divinity, uluhiyyah, for it was for His worship that he was created. This worship, however, cannot be perfected until and unless he represses the evil of his enemy who desires to cut him off from his goal, obstructing him from it, and who wants him to follow him, thereby becoming a denizen of the Scorching Blaze.

Whispering could occur from jinn or from man and this why Allah says, “(coming) from the jinn and man.


Tafsir Ibn Kathir (from here):

[This tafsir is for Ayah Nos. 1-4]

(1. Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of An-Nas,”) (2. “The King of An-Nas,”) (3. “The God of An-Nas,”) (4. “From the evil of the whisperer who withdraws.”) (5. “Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nas.”) (6. “Of Jinn and An-Nas.”) These are three attributes from the attributes of the Lord, the Mighty and Majestic. They are lordship, sovereignty and divinity. Thus, He is the Lord of everything, the King of everything and the God of everything. All things are created by Him, owned by Him, and subservient to Him. Therefore, He commands whoever is seeking protection to seek refuge with the One Who has these attributes from the evil of the whisperer who withdraws. This (the whisperer) is the devil that is assigned to man. For verily, there is not any of the Children of Adam except that he has a companion that beautifies wicked deeds for him. This devil will go to any lengths to confuse and confound him. The only person who is safe is He Whom Allah protects.

Memorise the Quran Ayah by Ayah: Surah An-Naas Ayah No. 1

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

“Say: “I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind.” [Surah An-Naas (114) : 1]

Word to word translation


[Rabb is usually translated as “Lord.”]

Recitation

Abdullah Basfar (Mujawwad) (Download):

Mahmoud Khalil Husary (rahimahullah) (Download):

Ali Hudhaifi (Download):

Listen to the translation (Download):

Tafsir (commentary)

Tafsir As-Saadi (from here):

[This is the tafsir of the whole surah.]

Say: I take refuge with the Lord of mankind, the King of mankind, the God of mankind,this chapter deals with seeking refuge with the Lord and King of mankind, the God of mankind, from Shaytan who is the source of all evil.

From the evil of the stealthy Whisperer, beating a retreat, who whispers in people’s breasts, some of the multifarious facets of his evil are that he whispers into the hearts of man, adorns evil, presenting it to them in an alluring guise, and incites them towards performing it. He is always whispering but beats a retreat when the servant remembers Allah, seeking His assistance in repressing him. Therefore, it is incumbent upon a person to turn to Allah for aid, to take refuge with Him, and to seek recourse with His Lordship. All of mankind fall under the realm of His Lordship, rububiyyah, and sovereignty; He has taken hold of every creature by the forelock.

Man must also take recourse with His Divinity, uluhiyyah, for it was for His worship that he was created. This worship, however, cannot be perfected until and unless he represses the evil of his enemy who desires to cut him off from his goal, obstructing him from it, and who wants him to follow him, thereby becoming a denizen of the Scorching Blaze.

Whispering could occur from jinn or from man and this why Allah says, “(coming) from the jinn and man.


Tafsir Ibn Kathir (from here):

[This tafsir is for this ayah and the 3 after it.]

(1. Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of An-Nas,”) (2. “The King of An-Nas,”) (3. “The God of An-Nas,”) (4. “From the evil of the whisperer who withdraws.”) (5. “Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nas.”) (6. “Of Jinn and An-Nas.”) These are three attributes from the attributes of the Lord, the Mighty and Majestic. They are lordship, sovereignty and divinity. Thus, He is the Lord of everything, the King of everything and the God of everything. All things are created by Him, owned by Him, and subservient to Him. Therefore, He commands whoever is seeking protection to seek refuge with the One Who has these attributes from the evil of the whisperer who withdraws. This (the whisperer) is the devil that is assigned to man. For verily, there is not any of the Children of Adam except that he has a companion that beautifies wicked deeds for him. This devil will go to any lengths to confuse and confound him. The only person who is safe is He Whom Allah protects.

Memorise the Quran Ayah by Ayah: Review Surah Al-Ikhlaas and Surah Al-Falaq

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Assalamu Alaikum.

Okay, I’m not sure if anyone is following this series but if you are, I’d advise you to take one day out to review what you’ve already learnt.

Memorisation without revision can turn out to be quite a disaster.

Just repeat both surahs as many times as you can, and then repeat them some more.

Also, spend some time on trying to understand their meanings.

I’ll start Surah An-Naas tomorrow, insha-Allah.